Dr Scott Zack

Dr. Scott Zack Shares Some of the Biggest Takeaways From This Year’s National Chiropractic Health Month

Michigan-based Dr. Scott Zack, a successful chiropractor and primary care provider from Oakland County, highlights his main takeaways from National Chiropractic Health Month 2019.

As October, and thus National Chiropractic Health Month, comes to an end, Dr. Scott Zack, a successful chiropractor from West Bloomfield, Michigan, says we should all try to take something away from the annual awareness initiative. Here, Dr. Zack highlights what he believes should be the three main takeaways from National Chiropractic Health Month 2019.

“We should, as a nation, all be as well informed as possible on back injury prevention,” suggests Dr. Zack, a popular and successful chiropractor and primary care provider from the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, Michigan, “something which is central to National Chiropractic Health Month each year.”

As well as remaining knowledgeable on back injury prevention, particularly as a person ages, Dr. Zack says it’s also advisable to look into back strengthening tips, particularly if an individual is a regular gym-goer. “Even if a person doesn’t regularly attend a gym, they must still be aware of how best to prevent a back injury,” he adds, “as well as how to maintain strength in their back, long-term, through light exercise and even routine, day-to-day activities.”

“Sharing back injury prevention and strengthening tips,” Dr. Zack continues, “in addition to information on the value of a conservative approach to back pain treatment, have been three of the main takeaways from National Chiropractic Health Month for the last two or three years.”

Back pain, the primary care provider explains, remains one of the most prevalent and disabling conditions in the world. “It remains one of the most common reasons for patients to visit their doctors,” says Dr. Zack, “and, more worryingly still, one of the most common conditions for which opioid pain medications are routinely prescribed.”

With education, however, and aided by awareness initiatives such as National Chiropractic Health Month, Michigan-based chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack hopes to see a change. “The abuse and overuse of prescription opioid painkillers remains a leading public health problem in the United States, largely tied to back pain and associated conditions,” he explains.

Further to educating the public on back, neck, and spine health, Dr. Scott Zack is also keen to stress the efficacy of chiropractic care, especially in dealing with back pain. “A drug-free alternative to potentially very dangerous opioid medications, it’s easy to understand why more and more people are turning to chiropractic medicine,” he adds.

Prevention is, he says, also a key component of a conservative approach to back pain treatment, as highlighted by National Chiropractic Health Month 2019.

“Accordingly, it’s vital that we continue to stress the importance of injury prevention and overall wellness in maintaining spinal health for a lifetime,” adds Dr. Zack, speaking from his office in West Bloomfield, Michigan, wrapping up.

Dr. Scott Zack Looks at Potential Plans to Include Chiropractic Treatment Under Military’s TRICARE Program

Primary care provider and chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack, from Michigan, explores possible updated TRICARE program coverage terms currently understood to be in the pipeline.

With officials for the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, and U.S. Air Force Defense Health Agency understood to be preparing to unveil new coverage terms for TRICARE, potentially including chiropractic treatment and acupuncture, in coming months, Dr. Scott Zack, an experienced chiropractor from Michigan, provides a closer look at the news and what it means for military personnel, military retirees, and their dependents.

“New TRICARE coverage terms are expected to be proposed early next year,” reveals Dr. Zack, a chiropractor and primary care provider from the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, Michigan, “according to news from Military.com, the largest online military and veteran membership organization in the world with more than 10 million members.”

TRICARE, previously known as CHAMPUS, or the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services, is a health care program and part of the United States Department of Defense Military Health System. The program provides civilian health benefits for U.S Armed Forces military personnel and their dependents, including some members of the Reserve Component, as well as military retirees and their respective dependents.

The Defense Health Agency, Dr. Zack goes on to explain, has offered a comment period for the planned coverage terms change proposal. “The full extent of the planned changes remains unknown,” says the primary care provider, “although it’s understood that the new coverage terms for TRICARE will include chiropractic treatment and acupuncture.”

There may, however, Dr. Scott Zack suggests, be a number of limitations. “The coverage, it’s thought, may limit new treatment to what Military.com reveals has been outlined as, for example, ‘chiropractic care for certain types of pain,’ or ‘acupuncture for oncologic-related nausea,'” he adds. “The changes,” the chiropractor continues, “again, according to Military.com, must also be ‘proven safe and effective,’ which, of course, is entirely understandable and should have no implication upon chiropractic treatment being included under any new TRICARE coverage terms.”

Reports previously carried out by the online military and veteran membership organization, as well as a Defense Department assessment, have already demonstrated the efficacy of chiropractic care in mitigating lower back pain and, as a result, improving fitness among service members, according to Dr. Scott Zack. “One such report noted that chiropractic treatment could improve ‘key fitness characteristics among active-duty service members with lower back pain and could lead to improved military readiness,'” reveals the Michigan-based chiropractor.

Early estimates suggest that the proposed additional coverage could cost TRICARE as much as $70 million each year. Any finalized estimate or amount would be published via the Federal Register, responsible for documenting government rule changes, well ahead of the updates coming into place.

“As it stands, any changes to coverage terms will likely be in effect by late 2021 or very early 2022,” adds Dr. Scott Zack, wrapping up.

Dr. Scott Zack Explores Nationwide Move Toward Multidisciplinary Medicine

Michigan Chiropractor and Primary Care Provider Dr. Scott Zack Marks National Chiropractic Health Month, Held Annually Each October in the United States

As the American Chiropractic Association and chiropractors across the nation mark National Chiropractic Health Month, encouraging the public to improve their musculoskeletal health, Dr. Scott Zack, an experienced chiropractor and primary care provider from Michigan, offers an expert look at this year’s campaign.

“Titled ‘Strength. Stability. Success.’ and designed to promote taking steps to better musculoskeletal health during National Chiropractic Health Month 2019, this year’s campaign kicked off on Tuesday, October 1, and will conclude at the end of the month,” explains Dr. Zack, a respected chiropractor based in the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, situated within the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan.

According to Dr. Scott Zack, when the body’s musculoskeletal system functions well, people feel stronger and healthier. “When we fail to maintain good musculoskeletal health, however, there’s a risk of serious pain and, potentially, even disability,” he adds.

Common musculoskeletal conditions include back, neck, and joint pain, as well as arthritis and osteoporosis. Worryingly, Dr. Zack suggests that upwards of half of all adults will report experiencing a musculoskeletal condition during their lifetime. “Musculoskeletal conditions are the most commonly reported medical ailments in the United States among those under age 65,” he reveals, “and the second most common among those age 65 and older.”

Globally, meanwhile, low back pain is understood to be the leading cause of disability worldwide, according to the expert. National Chiropractic Health Month is, therefore, he says, essential in promoting better musculoskeletal health across the United States.

“Chiropractors are able to help the public to both improve their musculoskeletal health as well as relieving existing conditions such as low back pain,” explains Dr. Scott Zack. What’s more, chiropractors do so, he says, naturally, enabling people to avoid or limit the possible need for surgery or potentially dangerous and highly addictive prescription drugs, such as opioid pain medications.

National Chiropractic Health Month’s 2019 campaign-Strength. Stability. Success.-promotes a number of steps to improve the strength of the musculoskeletal system. These include moving more, eating a balanced diet, spending time outdoors, doing weight-bearing exercises, staying hydrated, quitting smoking, and getting adequate rest.

“This month, why not set yourself up for a stable future by taking steps to improve the health and strength of your musculoskeletal system?” adds Dr. Scott Zack, commenting from his office in Oakland County, Michigan, wrapping up.

Chiropractor Scott Zack Explains how to Choose the Perfect Pillow

 A popular chiropractor from the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan, Dr. Scott Zack is often asked how to choose the best pillow for a good, healthy night’s sleep as a professional centered on spinal health and the body’s musculoskeletal system. From firmness and the optimum number of pillows to use, to considering a custom-made or unconventionally shaped option, Dr. Zack weighs in on how to select the perfect pillow.

“For starters, thickness and firmness are both very important,” explains Dr. Scott Zack. Too soft, he says, and support will be lacking. Too firm, however, and a pillow can be equally problematic, according to the Michigan-based chiropractor.

“As such, it’s important to choose a pillow which suits you personally and provides the correct amount of support for your sleeping style,” suggests the expert.

To do so, Dr. Scott Zack advises finding a pillow which provides both comfort and support. “Aim for your head to be around three inches above the top of your spine in your preferred sleeping position,” he adds.

Next, Dr. Zack moves on to the optimum number of pillows to use. “Often, I’m asked, ‘How many pillows should I sleep with?'” reveals the chiropractor.

It’s an important question, he says, as too many or too few pillows can lead to spine misalignment which, in turn, can cause pain and other problems. “Controversially for many, the correct number of pillows to sleep with is often just one,” remarks Dr. Scott Zack.

When considering the above, and in seeking to position your head only around three inches above the top of your spine, one pillow is usually adequate, according to the expert. “Two or more and you risk compromising the natural curve of your spine, causing tension in your neck, and potentially leading to problems in the future,” adds Dr. Scott Zack.

Where an individual is struggling to find the correct pillow in the sea of off-the-shelf products on offer at Target, Costco, Bed Bath & Beyond, Wayfair, West Elm, and elsewhere, Dr. Zack also suggests considering a more specialist chiropractic or custom-made pillow.

Custom-made pillows, he says, are available to order online from around $80.

“You may also want to consider an off-the-shelf V-shaped pillow, for example, which will reinforce the natural curve of your spine to hopefully promote a healthier and more restful night’s sleep,” adds Michigan-based chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack, wrapping up.

Dr. Scott Zack Explores Nationwide Move Toward Multidisciplinary Medicine

Chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack explores the continuing move toward multidisciplinary medicine within U.S. health care.

With a nationwide shift toward multidisciplinary medicine underway and following a number of recent changes within health care in the United States, opportunities, primary care provider Dr. Scott Zack suggests, are abound for the country’s tens of thousands of qualified chiropractors.

According to the respected primary care physician, who’s based in the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan, more and more chiropractors are embracing multidisciplinary medicine. “Now is the perfect time,” he explains, “for chiropractors to be working with other medical disciplines to promote chiropractic medicine’s patient-centered, holistic approach to health care.”

The health care landscape in the U.S. is changing, and demand for more affordable, more efficient, more effective, and higher quality patient care is increasing rapidly, according to Dr. Scott Zack. “Chiropractors have long been at the forefront of innovation within health care,” says the expert.

Chiropractors are, he believes, ideally positioned to address rocketing health care costs, and to help to tackle America’s ever-growing opioid crisis. “Prescribing practices must be improved,” suggests Michigan-based Dr. Zack, “with a view to helping to prevent addiction to opioid medications.”

In 2017, over 17,000 people in the U.S. died from prescription opioid overdoses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Taking into account all opioid-related deaths during the same year, the number rises to more than 45,000,” reveals chiropractor Scott Zack.

Research indicates, he points out, that the overwhelming majority of illicit opioid users first misused prescription variants of the same drugs, provided by their doctor. “Early integration of appropriate and effective multidisciplinary medicine, such as chiropractic care, could, therefore,” says Dr. Zack, “have potentially saved many tens of thousands of lives in recent years alone.”

Elsewhere, Dr. Zack believes that more widespread adoption of chiropractic care can also help to ease the burden of skyrocketing costs tied to routine health care in the United States. “Our health care system is the most expensive in the world and this continues to place an enormous burden on society,” suggests the chiropractor, a specialist in musculoskeletal disorders and based in the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, Michigan.

Musculoskeletal conditions are, he says, often poorly managed within mainstream medicine. “Only around 10 percent of people with suspected musculoskeletal disorders seek out more cost-effective chiropractic care,” explains Dr. Zack, “leaving the remaining 90 percent to rely on often vastly expensive traditional care for their pain management.”

Dr. Scott Zack says that a nationwide move toward multidisciplinary medicine is already underway and that chiropractic care is, and should remain, central to this revolution within health care in the United States.

“It’s with this firmly in mind that I believe,” he adds, wrapping up, “that chiropractic medicine is central to helping to make health care in America not only more effective, but considerably more affordable, too.”

Scott Zack, Chiropractor, Answers Common Chiropractic Care Questions

 Dr. Scott Zack, from Michigan, provides straightforward answers to a variety of commonly asked questions surrounding chiropractic care.

From insurance cover to how many treatments are needed, Michigan-based primary care physician and chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack addresses a number of the most commonly proposed questions centered around the field of chiropractic medicine.

“I’m most commonly asked about the list of ailments which chiropractors can effectively treat,” reveals Dr. Zack, a seasoned primary care physician and chiropractor from the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan.

Asked what conditions chiropractors typically treat, Dr. Zack explains how a chiropractor may address anything from back pain to joint injuries. “Chiropractors care for patients with a variety of health conditions,” reveals the physician. Those in the field, however, are, he says, best known for dealing with back and neck pain. Muscular, ligament, and joint injuries or disorders may also be addressed, according to the expert.

Dr. Scott Zack is, he says, also often asked how many chiropractic sessions are typically required. “This always depends on the patient,” explains the chiropractor, “and, in particular, his or her individual condition or conditions.”

“Rest assured, however,” adds Dr. Zack, “as chiropractors, we’ll always do everything in our power to help patients to feel better as quickly as possible, and with as few treatments as necessary.”

Another common question asked of chiropractors is what type of training or education they have, according to Dr. Zack, who’s based in the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, Michigan. “Doctors of chiropractic, as we’re known, are educated as primary health care providers,” he explains, “with an emphasis on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the body’s muscles, ligaments, joints, and nerves.”

Educational requirements for chiropractors are, Dr. Scott Zack reveals, among the most stringent of any profession within the medical field. Four years of undergraduate college education followed by four or five further years of highly demanding academic study is the norm, according to the expert.

“Chiropractors are routinely educated in human anatomy, neurology, physiology, orthopedics, diagnostic imaging, laboratory procedures, nutrition, and more,” he adds.

Dr. Zack’s final commonly asked question surrounds insurance. “Often I’m asked, ‘Will my insurance cover chiropractic care?'” he reveals.

The answer, Dr. Zack says, is yes. Chiropractic care is included, he underscores, in almost all health insurance plans, including Medicare, Blue Cross Blue Shield plans, and certain Medicaid offerings.

“If you’re interested in receiving chiropractic care, check out your insurance company’s website,” adds Dr. Scott Zack, wrapping up, “and look for a searchable database of practitioners within their network who are covered by your policy.”

Dr. Scott Zack Offers Insight into What to Expect When Visiting a Chiropractor

Physician Dr. Scott Zack, from Oakland County, Michigan, provides a professional insight into what to expect during a visit to a qualified chiropractor.

According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, chiropractic treatment is now one of the most popular forms of integrative health care in the United States. With more than 33 million American adults visiting a chiropractor within the last year, Dr. Scott Zack provides a closer look at what to expect for those yet to experience chiropractic care.

With treatment largely focused on the relationship between the spine and how the rest of the body functions, chiropractic care centers primarily around spinal manipulation intended to address conditions affecting the body’s joints, muscles, and nerves. “Many chiropractors also routinely employ a wide variety of treatments outside of spinal manipulation, from therapeutic ultrasound and thermal therapies to corrective exercise and low-level laser therapy,” explains Dr. Scott Zack, a renowned chiropractor from Michigan.

Thermal therapies, he says, can range from the application of heat or ice to diathermy and paraffin baths. Further to the above, additional treatments may include stretching or strengthening techniques, electrotherapies, soft tissue friction, neural mobilization, general exercise, taping, bracing, and relaxation and rehabilitation procedures, according to Dr. Zack. “Some chiropractors may also suggest counseling for issued tied to, for example, diet, weight loss, and smoking cessation, as well as other lifestyle factors,” adds the expert.

During a patient’s first appointment, Dr. Zack explains that, following a discussion surrounding symptoms and health history, an individualized treatment plan will be outlined. Diagnostic studies, he says, such as X-ray, may also be called for.

As more and more evidence supporting the benefits and efficacy of chiropractic treatment continues to be published, demand for chiropractic care increases each year in the United States.

“With research time and time again showing demonstrable, objective, and clinically significant improvements in mobility and the elimination or reduction of pain, chiropractic medicine is proven to be as effective as, or more effective than, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications,” reveals Dr. Zack. It is, he says, the ideal non-drug solution to conditions ranging from neck and back pain to inner-ear issues and carpal tunnel syndrome.

Indeed, the American College of Physicians recently released updated guidelines for the treatment of acute, subacute, and chronic pain, chiefly centered around the back and neck, recommending that patients first explore non-pharmacologic therapies such as chiropractic care before turning to medication or opting for surgery.

“If you’re interested in receiving chiropractic care, check out your insurance company’s website,” suggests Dr. Scott Zack, wrapping up, “and look for a searchable database of practitioners within their network who are covered by your policy.”

Dr. Scott Zack Further Explores Chiropractic Medicare Coverage Modernization Act of 2019

Michigan-based chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack offers a detailed look at new bill seeking to provide full Medicare coverage for services provided by America’s 70,000 chiropractors.

Seeking an amendment to the title of the Social Security Act to provide Medicare coverage for physician services furnished by doctors of chiropractic within the scope of their licenses, the Chiropractic Medicare Coverage Modernization Act of 2019 continues to represent a significant move forward for chiropractic care in the United States. Having previously outlined the new bill set to revolutionize Medicare coverage, Detroit metropolitan area chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack further explores the so-called modernization act.

“The newly introduced congressional bill, it’s hoped, will revolutionize Medicare coverage of chiropractic services across the United States,” suggests Dr. Zack, an established chiropractor and primary care provider based in the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, situated within the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan.

“The latest development,” he continues, “has seen the act referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, in addition to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, for a yet-to-be-determined period.”

This is because, he says, consideration of such provisions, in each case, falls within the jurisdiction of the individual committee concerned. “The bill seeks to amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide Medicare coverage for all physicians’ services furnished by doctors of chiropractic within the scope of their license, and for other purposes,” adds Dr. Zack.

In 1972, coverage was established under the Medicare program for beneficiaries to receive chiropractic care. “Unfortunately,” says Dr. Scott Zack, “the now-antiquated statute restricts beneficiaries to just one service, meaning that Medicare chiropractic coverage has failed to keep up with private-sector coverage and other federal health delivery systems.”

Now, however, due to positive evidence-based outcomes and the proven cost-effectiveness of chiropractic care, Medicare coverage should, says the Michigan-based chiropractor, be brought more in line with that provided via the Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Defense, and the Federal Employee Health Benefits Program, as well as through private health insurance coverage.

“The purpose of the modernization act is to expand recognition and coverage of chiropractic care under the Medicare program,” further explains Dr. Scott Zack, “in connection with the performance of any authorized function or action.”

Currently, only the provision of ‘manual manipulation of the spine to correct a subluxation’ is covered by Medicare, according to Dr. Scott Zack. “No other physician-level Medicare providers have ever been restricted in this way,” he adds, wrapping up, “so it’s vital that the Chiropractic Medicare Coverage Modernization Act of 2019 be passed in order to address the antiquated statute currently in place on behalf of qualified chiropractors across the United States.”

Dr. Scott Zack Examines Latest AJMC Report on Access to Chiropractic Care

Chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack delves into new report surrounding access to chiropractic care and the cost of spine conditions among older adults in the United States.

As the American Journal of Managed Care finds that chiropractic care may reduce medical spending on diagnostic services among older adults with a spine condition, chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack examines the all-new report, released by the peer-reviewed medical journal earlier this month.

“The American Journal of Managed Care’s objective,” explains Dr. Zack, “was, chiefly, to examine the extent to which the accessibility of chiropractic care affects spending on medical spine care among Medicare beneficiaries.”

An established chiropractor and primary care provider, Dr. Scott Zack is based in the Oakland County charter township of West Bloomfield, situated within the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan.

“Almost 80 percent of people will suffer a bout of severe spinal or other back pain at some point in their life,” explains Dr. Zack, “which is why it’s so important that we continue to champion the benefits of chiropractic care in treating such conditions.”

In what’s known as a retrospective cohort study, the American Journal of Managed Care used beneficiary relocation as the basis for its report, according to Dr. Zack. “AJMC used a combination of patient data and associated Medicare claims to perform a quasi-experimental study designed to examine the effect of accessibility to chiropractic care on healthcare spending,” reveals the expert.

The American Journal of Managed Care used the data to estimate the effect of higher or lower chiropractic accessibility upon spine-related medical spending. “With around 45,000 chiropractors in the United States, local accessibility varies considerably,” Dr. Scott Zack explains.

“The AJMC concluded, however,” he continues, “that, among older adults, in particular, access to chiropractic care was indeed shown to reduce medical spending on services tied to problematic spinal conditions.”

First published in 1995, the American Journal of Managed Care is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal produced by Managed Care & Healthcare Communications. “AJMC provides a forum for peer-reviewed literature surrounding healthcare research and its outcomes,” explains Michigan-based chiropractor Dr. Scott Zack.

Marketed as an independent publication dedicated to disseminating clinical information to managed care physicians and other healthcare professionals, it aims to stimulate scientific communication in the field of managed care, according to the journal’s publisher. “AJMC helpfully addresses a broad range of issues relevant to clinical decision making and examines the impact of management, clinical, and policy interventions and programs,” adds Dr. Scott Zack, wrapping up, “much to the benefit of the wider healthcare profession.”

Dr. Scott Zack - Efficacy of Chiropractic Care

Dr. Scott Zack Explores AMA Study Into Efficacy of Chiropractic Care

Chiropractor Scott Zack takes a closer look at a recent American Medical Association open access study into chiropractic care and its effect on low back pain.

Scott Zack
Scott Zack

Demonstrated to combat pain and disability, and to improve function, a recent JAMA Network Open study has also revealed chiropractic care to reduce patients’ need for pain medication, while also reporting a significantly higher level of satisfaction than those who receive so-called usual care. An established chiropractor from West Bloomfield, located within the Detroit metropolitan area of Michigan, Dr. Scott Zack takes a closer look at the study, published in the American Medical Association’s monthly open-access medical journal.

The study in question was first published in JAMA Network Open. JAMA Network Open is a monthly open-access medical journal published by the American Medical Association. The American Medical Association, first founded in 1847 and later incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians in the United States.

“A study completed last year by the American Medical Association’s JAMA Network Open remains among the most recent and important studies into chiropractic care and its effect, in particular, on low back pain,” explains Dr. Scott Zack.

JAMA Network Open’s researchers gathered 750 active-duty military personnel for the study, each of whom had complained of recent back pain. “Half were assigned to receive medication and physical therapy,” Michigan-based Scott Zack explains, “or what the medical profession would call ‘usual care.'”

So-called usual care, he says, also typically includes what’s known as self-care. “‘Self-care’ is any instructed activity carried out by a patient in order to take care, in this instance, of their physical health,” Dr. Zack reveals.

The other half of those assigned to the study were provided with up to 12 chiropractic treatments. “After only six weeks of treatment, those who were assigned to receive chiropractic care reported less pain, less disability, and improved function,” reveals Scott Zack, “according to the JAMA Network Open study.”

Those who had received chiropractic care further expressed a much-reduced need for pain medication. “They also reported a significantly higher level of satisfaction with their care,” adds Dr. Scott Zack. With low back pain costing up to $200 billion each year in the U.S. in-for example-care costs and missed work, it’s also a leading cause of disability around the world, according to the chiropractor.

“Especially in light of the current opioid crisis,” says Scott Zack, “we desperately need effective, safe, and non-drug alternatives to treat pain across the board, and, in particular, low back pain.”

The American Medical Association and JAMA Network Open study, he says, suggests that chiropractic care is the obvious choice.

Harvard Medical School’s Harvard Health Publishing also recently weighed in on the JAMA Network Open study. The study, they say, lends support for chiropractic care to treat low back pain. Harvard Health Publishing also highlighted that while chiropractic treatments aren’t free, it’s fortunate that insurance coverage for chiropractic care is now becoming increasingly more common in the United States.

“I look forward to further studies,” Dr. Scott Zack adds, wrapping up, “including studies featuring those with long-term or long-lasting back pain, older patients, and a mix of pain types, such as pain caused by a pinched nerve, muscle spasms, and so on.”